Promoting action to build resilient and sustainable island communities

GLISPA Member OKEANOS FOUNDATION on its Maritime Training Program in Auckland and its support of local agricultural tourism in Shepherd Islands...

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MASTER NAVIGATOR LEADS TRAINING PROGRAM FOR WAKA SAILORS

Traditional navigator Peia Patai has trained Pacific Islanders from more than seven countries to become open ocean sailors since the Auckland-based Okeanos Maritime Training Program first began in February 2018. Captain Peia’s work is core to Okeanos Foundation for the Sea’s mission to empower islanders to regain control of their ocean transportation and create a network of fossil fuel-free sailing canoes operated by Pacific people servicing their remote island communities.

Caption: The Okeanos Vaka Motu, which translates to “boat for the islands,” was specifically designed for inter island transportation of people and cargo such as food, medicine and disaster relief. Okeanos Foundation currently operates vaka motus in Vanuatu (shown above), Marshall Islands, and the Northern Marianas; with more headed for Yap, Pohnpei, and Palau in 2019. PC: Yorick Nicholls

Pacific countries such as Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Vanuatu, Palau, and Kiribati are all threatened by sea level rise but are also heavily dependent on expensive and infrequent diesel-powered cargo ships. That is why Okeanos Foundation for the Sea is dedicated to building and transferring traditionally based, open ocean sailing canoes, called Vaka Motus, to Pacific islands where they will be operated with locally trained crews. Okeanos is also planning on transferring the open ocean sailing program to a Pacific island next year.

Captain Peia works tirelessly as Okeanos’ fleet commander and crew trainer preparing sailors to professionally and safely operate the vakas across the open ocean. Some crews have successfully ventured more than 4,000 nautical miles from Auckland, sailing Okeanos vakas to the Northern Marianas, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati and Micronesia.

The fifty-foot vaka motus are inspired by Captain Cook’s 18th Century drawings of Polynesian sailing canoes. Like the vakas of Peia’s Maori ancestors, the canoes have traditional crab-claw sails and double hulls bound together by rope lashings. For safety, efficiency, and reliability, the vaka motus are outfitted with modern hybrid engines that run on a combination of solar power and coconut biofuel. The vessel is even equipped with a desalination unit that produces 60 liters of potable water per hour.

“These vakas are a combination of traditional design and modern technology, merged together so that our people can run them,” says Captain Peia, who seeks to bring economic independence to islands that are otherwise reliant on expensive, imported fossil fuel. “That's why I'm working so hard to get this opportunity - so that my people can benefit from it.”

The Okeanos vaka motus can carry up to three tons of cargo and 12 passengers, offering safe transportation to and from outer island communities. Unlike western ships, the shallow draft of the vaka motu’s hulls can dock directly on the beach providing immediate access to remote or cyclone damaged communities.

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Caption: Captain Peia Patai (right) works with crew from Okeanos Vanuatu (from left to right) Willy Dane, John Damilip, Joshua Tavo, Edwin Jeffery & Melvin Tom. In addition to instructing at Auckland’s Maritime Training Program Peia does regular “check ups” on crews to ensure they are operating according to Okeanos Procedures.

A LEGACY IN VOYAGING

Rarotonga-native Peia Patai was first introduced to traditional voyaging in Hawaii in 1991. He was taught by Nainoa Thompson, the first Hawaiian to captain a traditional Polynesian canoe on the open-ocean in centuries, along with Pwo Master Navigator Mau Piailug, the Micronesian seafarer who is credited for sparking the Pacific voyaging renaissance after successfully sailing the maiden voyage of Hawaiian canoe, Hokulea, in 1976.

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Caption: Peia training on Hawaiian canoe, Hokulea, the first traditionally designed Pacific vaka to sail the open-ocean in over a century.

Under Nainoa and Papa Mau, Peia trained in Wayfinding, the ancient art of navigating the open-ocean using only the stars, clouds, wind, waves and other patterns of nature. Since the sacred practice of Wayfinding had been lost for centuries throughout Polynesia, Peia’s opportunity to learn traditional navigation was an opportunity of a lifetime.

In 2011, Peia put his Wayfinding skills to the test and captained Cook Island traditional canoe Marumaru Atua during the Okeanos-sponsored Te Mana o Te Moana voyage - an unprecedented two-year voyage where hundreds of first time sailors traversed hundreds of thousands of nautical miles around the Pacific. Peia served as one of the lead navigators to teach young sailors in Wayfinding, some of which had never before stepped foot on a vaka, let alone sailed one without compass or map.
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Caption: The seven vakas of Te Mana o Te Moana collectively traveled 210,000 nautical miles around the Pacific. Above the fleet crosses under the San Francisco bridge to spread messages of Pacific cultural revival and ocean conservation.

During Te Mana o Te Moana, Peia received the sacred position of Pwo - the sacred Micronesian ceremony that deems sailors as master navigators; a highly coveted title only shared among a handful of Wayfinders in the Pacific, including Peia’s mentors, Nainoa and Mau.
“Receiving Pwo comes with responsibility,” explains Peia. “The responsibility is to pass this knowledge on to future generations so that our traditions are never lost again.”

SAILOR, NAVIGATOR, TEACHER

The responsibility of Pwo is what drives Peia through his seemingly daunting workload in Auckland today. As the commander of the Okeanos vaka motu fleet and head of the Okeanos Maritime Training Program, Peia is ensuring the future of traditional Pacific sailors.
When Peia is not overseeing the construction of the next vaka motu, he is teaching seamanship courses to an international body of students. The Okeanos Maritime Training Program offers a range of trainings to ensure the safety and quality of vaka motu operations. It was created with the intent of giving compulsory training for all crew working on Okeanos Vakas with a secondary course dedicated to comprehensive knowledge of Okeanos standards, procedures, and leadership.

According to Okeanos Foundation’s philosophy, the trainings are based on hands-on practical learning on the vaka, backed up by a theoretic approach in the classroom. The theoretical training also includes the study of the Okeanos Safety and Training Manual; participation in firefighting classes; knowledge of basic knots and anchoring, beacons (e.g. marks and lights of 4 boats at night) and basic route rules; a glossary of nautical terms; and preparation for rough seas, including emergency procedures and safety practices. “This training gives us a solid basis on which we can build up our knowledge and skills” says Winnifa Mael, crew member from Vanuatu and among the first to graduate with a certificate in Seamanship from the Okeanos Marine Training Program. Winnifa and her crew members spent three months in Auckland to complete the course.

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Caption: Captain Peia Patai (left) and Okeanos Foundation Chairman Dieter Paulman (right) celebrate Okeanos Vanuatu crewmember Winnifa Mael (center) receiving her Seamanship certificate at the Okeanos Maritime Training Center.

The Okeanos Maritime Training Program also supports sailors wishing to become captains of the vaka motus. At the end of 2018, sailing students from Vanuatu, Marshall Islands, Yap, Pohnpei, and the Marianas joined Captain Peia at the Okeanos Maritime Training Center to become captains of their respective Okeanos Vakas.
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Caption: (From left to right) Captains-in-training John Damilip of Okeanos Vanuatu, Andrea Carr of Okeanos Marianas, Jerry Joseph of Okeanos Marianas and Okeanos Waa’qab, Elmi Juonran of Okeanos Marshall Islands, and Joshua Tavo of Okeanos Vanuatu.

The team sailed and serviced the new vakas currently in construction at Lloyd Stevenson Boatbuilders - the site where students learn everything from traditional lashing to the carving of the vaka’s paddle, or hoi, with the leadership of Captain Peia. 

Okeanos3 1Caption: Vanuatu crew John Damilip (left) and Joshua Tavo (right) at the bow of the Vaka Motu during a training sail with other future Okeanos captains. 

Among the captains-in-training was Papa Mau’s very own grandson, Jerry Joseph. Once his training with Captain Peia is complete, Jerry will be responsible for delivering a newly constructed vaka back to the Federated States of Micronesia where it will stay to service outer island communities.
“It means a lot to bring the vaka motu to Micronesia - the place that has given me the gift of traditional navigation,” says Captain Peia, who is honored to train the grandson of his former mentor into Okeanos captainship. “Papa Mau would be very proud to see us passing on this knowledge to the next generation.”

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Caption: Okeanos Marianas Watch Captain Jerry Joseph sails to Poluwat atoll - one of the old stomping grounds of his grandfather Mau Piailug. Jerry - along with other Okeanos Marianas crew - received Pwo on Poluwat, joining the ranks of master navigators Peia & Nainoa. 

With the introduction of new captains to the vaka motu fleet, Peia hopes Okeanos Foundation will continue to support its pan-Pacific network of traditional canoes to service outer island communities and regain the ancient searoads for future sailors to come.

All Okeanos Training Courses require the students to pass theoretical exams of the different units and practical assessments at sea. The courses typically take 3 months for students to complete.

To learn more about the Okeanos Maritime Training Program, visit: https://okeanos-foundation.org/maritime-training-centre/

WATCH how Okeanos Vanuatu is supporting local agricultural tourism in Shepherd Islands: https://vimeo.com/307147833

The crew of traditionally-based, fossil fuel-free sailing canoe, Okeanos Vanuatu, supports local agriculture by making weekly trips from Shepherd Islands back to Port-Vila, transporting local crops to be sold at market. Okeanos Foundation is proud to support Vanuatu's progressive sustainable development goals of consuming only locally produced agriculture and not importing foreign foods.

Filmed by Dena Seidel & edited by Rebecca Welsh.